Dr. E. Murakami Centre for Lyme

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Erythra migrans (Bulls' Eye Rash)

Photo of an advanced Bull's Eye rash on the knee of a patient. 

  Presentation of Lyme Rash
Rash presenting puritic lesions. Very often mistaken for common spider bite. This presentation type is not very common but is known to be connected.
 
 
 
 

Common Lyme Rash

Common site rash at bite location. You can see the darker spot in the middle where the tick was attached.

Severe Lyme Rash

Another site rash displaying more severe infection around bite area.
 
 
 
 

 
 
Size of Nymphal Tick.. very easy to miss! 

Poppy-seed sized nymphal ticks are very hard to detect. They can bite you and fall off before they are noticed.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Fully Engorged Tick

A great photo showing the completely engorged underbelly of the adult tick after feeding on a host. The larger egg-shaped black area above the head is actually the tick's back.The large bean-shaped 'body' is actually the swollen belly.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Female with Egg Cluster 

This female has just laid over 10,000 eggs. She then turns and buries her head in her cluster where she will die. Her body then becomes food to feed her babies when they hatch.
 
 
 
 
 

Close Up of Barbed Tick Mouthpiece 

An electron microscope image of the head of a common tick, showing its complex barbed mouthpiece which it buries in its unsuspecting host to feed from.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Cluster of Spirochetes 

Cluster of Spirochetes that will form a gelatinous mass (biofilm) around them to protect them from Antibiotics. This is how they survive Abx to become chronic in your system. 

LifeCycle of Ticks

Basic outline of the lifecycle of a tick.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Close Up of Cysts being formed by a Spirochete 

Cysts, (or 'eggs') being formed by borrelia spirochetes. These cysts are extremely resilient and can withstand cryo-therapy (extreme freezing) and thawing as well as extreme heat, to survive, hatch and begin to infect again.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

SPECT Imagery of Lyme-induced Lesions in the Brain from MRI Testing

MRI scan showing brain lesions of a Lyme patient. These lesions are often misdiagnosed as MS.
Image on Left is prior to Abx (antibiotic therapy) and image on right is after.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Ixodes Scapularis Image

One of the tick species found in Canada
 
 
 
 
 
 

Ixodes Pacificus Image

Another tick species found in Canada. Also known as the Black Legged Tick.
 
 
 
 
 

Lyme Disease Host Cycle

Host Cycle for Lyme disease as it is currently understood. There is thought that the tick may only be ONE of many other vectors (biting insects) that can spread the bacterium to various hosts.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Evidence of Borrelia bacteria in Blood Sample

Stained microscopy of blood serum showing evidence of borrelia spirochete.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Babesia Ring Apparent in Tissue Sample